Saint denis paris
Saint Denis Paris Was ist los?
Sie liegt unmittelbar nördlich von Paris und bildet heute einen Teil der Banlieue. Die Einwohner werden Dionysiens genannt. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Geschichte; 2. Die Kathedrale von Saint-Denis (französisch Basilique de Saint-Denis) ist eine ehemalige Abteikirche in der Stadt Saint-Denis nördlich von Paris. Die Seine-Saint-Denis, im Norden von Paris, gilt als das Problemdepartement Frankreichs und gerät regelmäßig in die Schlagzeilen. Im französischen. Ein Meisterwerk der gotischen Architektur und die Nekropole der französischen Könige. Im Norden von Paris, in Saint-Denis, befindet sich eine imposante Basilika. Die Geschichte der basilika und Kathedrale von Saint-Denis als Meisterwerk der Gotik, Kirche einer mächtigen Abtei und bedeutendes Pilgerziel im Mittelalter, ist.
Tickets für Kathedrale von Saint-Denis: Bevorzugter Einlass. Gotik & filmreife Geschichte: Die letzte Ruhestätte der französischen Krone. Öffnet heute um Viertel Porte-Saint-Denis - Führer für Tourismus, Urlaub & Wochenenden in Paris. Sie liegt unmittelbar nördlich von Paris und bildet heute einen Teil der Banlieue. Die Einwohner werden Dionysiens genannt. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Geschichte; 2.
Saint Denis Paris VideoDe l'autre côté du périph' : Saint-Denis, la ville aux deux visages
In the 12th century, Peter Abelard was forced to flee the monastery and France itself when he sought to demonstrate that the Parisian Denis and the Athenian Denis were not the same person.
A legend recorded in the 9th century recounts that Denis was beheaded on Montmartre and that his decapitated corpse carried his head to the area northeast of Paris where the Benedictine abbey of St.
Denis was founded. Denis is often portrayed in art as a decapitated though evidently living figure. Saint Denis.
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During the French Revolution, not only was the city renamed "Franciade" from to , but the royal necropolis was looted and destroyed.
The remains were removed from the tombs and thrown together; during the French Restoration , since they could not be sorted out anymore, they were reburied in a common ossuary.
After France became a republic and an empire , Saint-Denis lost its association with royalty. On 1 January , the city of Paris was enlarged by annexing neighbouring communes.
During the 19th century, Saint-Denis became increasingly industrialised. By the end of the century, there were 80 factories in Saint-Denis.
The presence of so many industries also gave rise to an important socialist movement. In , Saint-Denis elected its first socialist administration, and by the s, the city had acquired the nickname of la ville rouge , the red city.
There were several acts of sabotage and strikes , most notably on 14 April at the Hotchkiss factory.
After the war, the economic crisis of the s and s hit the city, which was strongly dependent on its heavy industry.
During the s, however, the city started to grow again. The stadium is used by the national football and rugby teams for friendly matches.
The Coupe de France , Coupe de la Ligue and Top 14 final matches are held there, as well as the Meeting Areva international athletics event.
On 13—14 November , Saint-Denis was the main location of a series of mass shootings and hostage-takings just outside the Stade de France.
On 18 November, a major follow-up raid occurred. Several suspects were killed, including alleged mastermind Abdelhamid Abaaoud.
Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics.
On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship the children of immigrants are not listed as immigrants.
As of [update] Brynes, author of French Like Us? Municipal Policies and North African Migrants in the Parisian Banlieues, — , wrote that in the middle of the 20th century, "few of [the Paris-area communes with North African populations] were as engaged with their migrant communities as the Dionysiens.
Saint-Denis is known for its crime, with high rates of robbery, drugs offences and murder. Police efficiency has been reported as very low, with only Saint-Denis is twinned with:.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification.
It should take about eleven years and cost 28 million euros. Saint Denis , a patron saint of France, became the first bishop of Paris.
He was decapitated on the hill of Montmartre in the mid-third century with two of his followers, and is said to have subsequently carried his head to the site of the current church, indicating where he wanted to be buried.
A martyrium was erected on the site of his grave, which became a famous place of pilgrimage during the fifth and sixth centuries.
Dagobert, the king of the Franks reigned to , refounded the church as the Abbey of Saint Denis, a Benedictine monastery.
Dagobert also commissioned a new shrine to house the saint's remains, which was created by his chief councillor, Eligius , a goldsmith by training.
An early vita of Saint Eligius describes the shrine:. The Basilica of St Denis ranks as an architectural landmark—as the first major structure of which a substantial part was designed and built in the Gothic style.
As it now stands, the church is a large cruciform building of "basilica" form; that is, it has a central nave with lower aisles and clerestory windows.
It has an additional aisle on the northern side formed of a row of chapels. The west front has three portals, a rose window and one tower, on the southern side.
The eastern end, which is built over a crypt, is apsidal , surrounded by an ambulatory and a chevet of nine radiating chapels. The basilica retains stained glass of many periods although most of the panels from Suger's time have been removed for long-term conservation and replaced with photographic transparencies , including exceptional modern glass, and a set of twelve misericords.
The basilica measures meters long, and its width is 39 meters. Little is known about the earliest buildings on the site. The first church mentioned in the chronicles was begun in under Pepin the Short and completed under Charlemagne , who was present at its consecration in By the Abbey had been granted a remunerative whaling concession on the Cotentin Peninsula.
According to one of the Abbey's many foundation myths a leper, who was sleeping in the nearly completed church the night before its planned consecration, witnessed a blaze of light from which Christ, accompanied by St Denis and a host of angels, emerged to conduct the consecration ceremony himself.
Before leaving, Christ healed the leper, tearing off his diseased skin to reveal a perfect complexion underneath. A misshapen patch on a marble column was said to be the leper's former skin, which stuck there when Christ discarded it.
Having been consecrated by Christ, the fabric of the building was itself regarded as sacred.
Abbot Suger c. In his famous account of the work undertaken during his administration, Suger was careful to explain and justify his decision to rebuild the church, complaining at length about the parlous state of the old structure and its inability to cope with the crowds of pilgrims visiting the shrine of St Denis, particularly.
Suger's fascination with light was not merely aesthetic. Like many French clerics in the 12th century AD, he was a follower of Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite , a 6th-century mystic who equated the slightest reflection or glint with divine light.
It is important to emphasise that Suger was the patron of the rebuilding of St Denis but not the architect, as was often assumed in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Both remain anonymous but their work can be distinguished on stylistic grounds. The first, who was responsible for the initial work at the western end, favoured conventional Romanesque capitals and moulding profiles with rich and individualised detailing.
His successor, who completed the western facade and upper stories of the narthex , before going on to build the new choir, displayed a more restrained approach to decorative effects, relying on a simple repertoire of motifs, which may have proved more suitable for the lighter Gothic style that he helped to create.
Suger began his rebuilding project at the western end of St Denis, demolishing the old Carolingian westwork , with its single, centrally located door.
Only the south tower survives; the north tower was dismantled following a tornado which struck in The rose window at the centre of the upper story of the west portal was also innovative and influential.
Although small circular windows oculi within triangular tympana were common on the west facades of Italian Romanesque churches, this was probably the first example of a rose window within a square frame, which was to become a dominant feature of the Gothic facades of northern France soon to be imitated at Chartres Cathedral and many others.
These were also adopted at the cathedrals of Paris and Chartres, constructed a few years later, and became a feature of almost every Gothic portal thereafter.
Above the doorways, the central tympanum was carved with Christ in Majesty displaying his wounds with the dead emerging from their tombs below.
Scenes from the martyrdom of St Denis were carved above the south right hand portal, while above the north portal was a mosaic lost , even though this was, as Suger put it 'contrary to the modern custom'.
Of the original sculpture, very little remains, most of what is now visible being the result of rather clumsy restoration work in The portals themselves were sealed by gilded bronze doors, ornamented with scenes from Christ's Passion and clearly recording Suger's patronage with the following inscription;.
For the glory of the church which nurtured and raised him, Suger strove for the glory of the church, Sharing with you what is yours, oh martyr Denis.
He prays that by your prayers he should become a sharer in Paradise. The year when it was consecrated was the one thousand, one hundred and fortieth year of the Word.
On the lintel below the great tympanum showing the Last Judgement, beneath a carved figure of the kneeling Abbot, was inscribed the more modest plea;.
Suger's western extension was completed in and the three new chapels in the narthex were consecrated on 9 June of that year.
On completion of the west front, Abbot Suger moved on to the reconstruction of the eastern end, leaving the Carolingian nave in use.
He wanted a choir chancel that would be suffused with light. To achieve his aims, Suger's masons drew on the several new elements which evolved or had been introduced to Romanesque architecture: the pointed arch, the rib vault , the ambulatory with radiating chapels, the clustered columns supporting ribs springing in different directions and the flying buttresses which enabled the insertion of large clerestory windows.